414th Fighter Group Lineage
Constituted as 414th Fighter Group on 5 Oct 1944 and activated on
15 Oct. Equipped with P-47's. Moved to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater,
Jun-Aug 1945. Assigned to Twentieth AF. The air echelon, based temporarily
on Guam, attacked objectives in the Truk Islands on 13 and 22 Jul.
The group began operations from Iwo Jima late that month with an attack
against a radar station on Chichi Jima. 414th Fighter Group and 413th,
437th, and 456th Fighter Squadrons arrive at North Field, Iwo Jima
from the US with P-47s (first mission is 13 Jul). Operations during
Aug were directed primarily against enemy airfields in Japan, but
the group also strafed hangars, barracks, ordnance dumps, trains,
marshalling yards, and shipping. Moved to the Philippines late in
Dec 1945. Assigned to Thirteenth AF. Inactivated in the Philippines
on 30 Sep 1946.
Redesignated 414th Fighter Group (Air Defense). Activated in the
US on 18 Aug 1955. Assigned to Air Defense Command. Equipped first
with F-94's, later with F-89's, F-101's and finally F-106A's.
437th: 1944-1946; 1955-1968.
STATIONS. Seymour Johnson Field, NC, 15 Oct 1944; Selfridge Field,
Mich, 15 Nov 1944; Bluethenthal Field, NC, 19 Mar--11 May 1945; North
Field, Iwo Jima, 7 Jul 1945; Clark Field, Luzon, 23 Dec 1945-30 Sep
1946. Oxnard AFB, Calif, 18 Aug 1955-30 Sept 1968
COMMANDERS. Lt Col Robert C Bagby, 28 Oct 1944; Col Henry G Thorne
Jr, 6 Dec I944-unkn. Col Edwin F Carey Jr, 1955--
CAMPAIGNS. Air Offensive, Japan; Eastern Mandates.
INSIGNE. Shield: Azure, a bend or, between two martlets volant argent,
lightning bolts gules streaming from each of their tails. (Approved
26 Jul 1956.)
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